A holiday in San Francisco, The Oregon Trail and Multnomah falls in 1958.
Multnomah Falls is a waterfall located in the Columbia River Gorge, east of Troutdale, between Corbett and Dodson, Oregon, United States. The waterfall is accessible from the Historic Columbia River Highway and Interstate 84.The Oregon Trail was a roughly 2,000-mile route from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon, which was used by hundreds of thousands of American pioneers in the mid-1800s to emigrate west. The trail was arduous and snaked through Missouri and present-day Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho and finally into Oregon. Without the Oregon Trail and the passing of the Oregon Donation Land Act in 1850, which encouraged settlement in the Oregon Territory, American pioneers would have been slower to settle the American West in the 19th century.
In 1941, The Aluminium Company of America (Alcoa) built and operated the Troutdale aluminium plant for United States Department of Defence as a primary aluminium reduction plant, where alumina from bauxite ore was converted to aluminium, to support wartime operations. Original cost of the plant was $130M. Aluminium was used primarily in manufacturing of aircraft, but was gaining popularity in shipbuilding and other military uses. After the war, Reynolds Metals Company began leasing the plant in June 1946, and purchased it in June 1949. At the time of purchase, the plant produced 11% of aluminium in the nation at 145,000,000 pounds/year. Reynolds used the plant to cast ingots from aluminium imported from another plant from 1992 to 2000. In 2000, the plant was temporarily shut down. Alcoa purchased Reynolds in 2000 and briefly reopened, then announced in February 2002, that the plant would permanently be closed, demolished and the property sold. Today, the property is an industrial park and home of a FedEx distribution centre.Channel: Mackenzie Rough